No matter how old you are, you need to take care of your teeth and mouth. When you have a healthy mouth, you can eat the foods you need for good nutrition. In addition, you will feel good about smiling, talking and laughing. It is assumed that the teeth should last a lifetime, so taking care of them well and taking care of your gums, you can protect them for many years.
The teeth are covered by a tough outer layer called enamel. Each day, a thin layer of bacteria on teeth is formed. Over time, bacteria can create voids in the enamel. These holes are called cavities. Brushing and flossing may protect against cavities, but once formed tooth, a dentist has to repair the damage.
You can protect your teeth against cavities using a fluoride toothpaste (also known as fluoride). If you have a lot of cavities in your teeth, your dentist or dental hygienist may give you a fluoride treatment when you go to the office or the dentist may suggest using fluoride gel or mouth rinse at home.
Gum disease begins when a dental plaque is formed along and under the gum line. This plaque causes infections that affect the gums and bone that hold teeth in place. Sometimes, this condition causes your gums become very sensitive and get to bleed more easily. This problem, called gingivitis, can often be solved by brushing and flossing daily.
Other gum diseases need to be treated by a dentist. If left untreated, these infections can ruin the bones, gums and other tissues that support your teeth. Over time, we may have to pull teeth.
To prevent gum disease:
Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
Floss once a day.
Visit your dentist regularly for inspection and cleaning.
Eat a well-balanced diet.
Stop smoking. Smoking increases the risk of developing gum disease.
Cleaning your teeth and gums
There is a proper way to brush and floss. Daily:
Gently brush all sides of your teeth with a soft toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste.
Use small circular motions and movements forwards and backwards.
Take time to brush carefully and gently along the gum line.
Lightly brush your tongue to help keep your mouth clean.
You also need to clean the area around your teeth with floss every day. Using carefully flossing will remove plaque and leftover food that a toothbrush can not reach. Be sure to rinse after brushing teeth with floss.
See your dentist if brushing or flossing causes your gums bleed or cause pain in the mouth. Ask your dentist about the proper way to floss.